OLD TESTAMENT

The Old Testament is the first section of the Bible, based primarily upon the Hebrew writings. It is a collection of 39 religious writings by ancient Israelites, Prophets, and Judges and inspired by the Holy Spirit believed by Christians and Jews to be the sacred, inerrant, Word of God.


The first five books of the Bible are called the Pentateuch.

 

Genesis:

Creation, Beginning of Humanity and early history of Israel

Exodus:

Deliverance of Israel from bondage, introduction of the Law

Leviticus:

Holiness of God and worship standards

Numbers:

Journey through the desert and tribulation for 40 years

Deuteronomy:

Obedience to the Law directed by Moses

Joshua:

Conquest of Canaan under Joshua

Judges:

Judgement for disobedience; forgiveness upon repentance

Ruth:

The Lord turns tragedy into triumph

1-2 Samuel:

The establishment of Israel and unification with David as King

1-2 Kings:

Early kings of Israel and Judah

1-2 Chronicles:

History of the Israelite monarchy and early Temple worship in Jerusalem

Ezra:

Return of exiles from Babylon who would rebuild the temple

Nehemiah:

Reconstruction of the walls of Jerusalem

Esther:

Preservation of the Jews through faithfulness to God

Job:

Blessings through suffering of a good man

Psalms:

Hymns of Praise and worship of God

Proverbs:

Practical wisdom from Solomon

Ecclesiastes:

The necessity of fearing God in a fallen world

Song of Solomon:

Love poems as a picture of God’s relationship to His people

Isaiah:

Salvation is of the Lord and of a future king

Jeremiah:

Judgement by the Lord about the destruction of Jerusalem

Lamentations:

A collection of five poems “lamenting” the destruction of Jerusalem

Ezekiel:

The judgement and restoration of God’s people, fall of Satan from heaven

Daniel:

The Sovereignty of God and prophecies of future “end time” events

Hosea:

Israel’s spiritual unfaithfulness and the Lord’s compassion

Amos:

The justice of God poured out on Israel

Obadiah:

The destruction of Edom for their pride

Jonah:

God’s compassion to the lost and disobedient

Micah:

Judgement for injustice, while hope for the future from Bethlehem

Nahum:

Destruction of Assyrian capital city, Nineveh as God’s judgement

Habakkuk:

Vindication of God’s justice and the need to live righteously by faith

Zephaniah:

Judgement and restoration of “the day of the Lord”

Haggai:

The rebuilding and future glory of the Temple

Zechariah:

The restoration of Israel and coming of a Messiah

Malachi:

Obedience and fear of the Lord are rewarded; Judgement day is certain

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